Urinary stones also known as kidney stones are solid masses made of crystals and usually originated from kidneys. These stones cause unbearable pain and discomfort when they move in the urinary tract. Kidney stones vary in size. There are different kinds of kidney stones depending upon their composition. It is one of the most painful medical conditions.
- Calcium stones get formed because of the high intake of calcium oxalate in food (potato chips, peanuts, chocolate, beets and spinach). One should eat food with less oxalate and increase calcium intake to reduce the risk of stone formation.
- High concentration of uric acid in urine cause the formation of Uric acid stone. These kinds of stones are more common in males than females. Urine becomes acidic when the amount of purine increases in the body. Purine is a colourless substance found in animal proteins.
- Struvite is another kind of stone found in women with urinary tract infections. Treating UTIs can prevent the development of stones. These stones are large and cause urinary obstruction.
- Cystine stones occur both in men and women with cystinuria, a genetic disorder.
There are different stone removal procedures. The smaller stones can be easily disposed of while urination however, larger stones require surgery as they get stuck in the urinary tract.
One of the procedures used for treating kidney stone problems in the minimally invasive way is Laser Urinary Stone Surgery. This surgery involves the placing of a ureteroscope under the effect of anaesthesia into the urethra and urinary bladder. This instrument helps in the easy identification of stones in the kidney and ureter.