Incontinence is a lack of control sensation.

The very basic symptom which occurs is when you laugh, sneeze, cough, or otherwise exert pressure on your pelvic floor; you pass stool/urine even if you emptied your bladder a short while ago.

  • Obstetric Trauma.
  • Neurological.
  • Congenital Abnormality.
  • Anorectal Trauma.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Muscle or nerve damage.

There are many test performed to diagnose the fecal incontinence.

  • Digital rectal exam. A gloved and lubricated finger is inserted into your rectum to evaluate the strength of your sphincter muscles and to check if any abnormalities in the rectal area.
  • Anal manometry. A narrow, flexible tube is inserted into the anus and rectum. A small balloon at the tip of the tube may be expanded. This test helps measure the tightness of your anal sphincter and the sensitivity and functioning of your rectum.
  • Colonoscopy. A flexible tube is inserted into your rectum to inspect the entire colon.
  • MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) can provide clear pictures of the sphincter to determine if the muscles are intact and can also provide images during defecation.

The treatment depends on diagnosis of an surgeon/doctor. Treatment might include:

  • Anti-diarrheal drugs
  • Laxatives, if chronic constipation is causing your incontinence
  • Medications to decrease the spontaneous motion of your bowel
  • Dietary changes
  • Biofeedback sessions
  • Kegel Exercises
  • And if nothing of above works surgery is performed like
    • Sphincteroplasty. This procedure repairs a damaged or weakened anal sphincter.
    • Treating rectal prolapse, a rectocele or hemorrhoids: Surgical correction of these problems will likely reduce or eliminate fecal incontinence.
    • Sphincter replacement. A damaged anal sphincter can be replaced with an artificial anal sphincter.
    • Sphincter repair. In this surgery a muscle is taken from the inner thigh and wrapped around the sphincter, restoring muscle tone to the sphincter.
    • Colostomy. This surgery diverts stool through an opening in the abdomen. A special bag is attached to this opening to collect the stool. Colostomy is generally considered only after other treatments have been tried.
    • Acticon Neosphincter: In case of severe fecal incontinence placement of the Acticon Neosphnicter.
  • Age. Although fecal incontinence can occur at any age, it's more common in middle-aged and older adults. Approximately 1 in 10 women older than age 40 has fecal incontinence
  • Being female. Fecal incontinence is slightly more common in women than in men. One reason may be that fecal incontinence can be a complication of childbirth. But most women with fecal incontinence develop it after age 40, so other factors may be involved.
  • Nerve damage. People who have long-standing diabetes or multiple sclerosis — conditions that can damage nerves that help control defecation — may be at risk of fecal incontinence.
  • Dementia. Fecal incontinence is often present in late-stage Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
  • Physical disability. Being physically disabled may make it difficult to reach a toilet in time. An injury that caused a physical disability also may cause rectal nerve damage leading to fecal incontinence

Incontinence is a lack of control sensation.
Fecal Incontinence: It is also called bowel incontinence. Fecal incontinence is the inability to control bowel movements, causing stool ( feces ) to leak unexpectedly from the rectum.

Also read about Urinary incontinence, circumcision, Piles, Constipation, hernia, fistula, varicose veins